It is also credited for spread of Buddhism from India to East Asia. Energy security: Hydro-electric power generated by Bhutan’s run-of-the river dams is the economic bedrock of the India-Bhutan relationship. It outskirts Tibet in the north and upper east, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. Why does it matter? While India-Tibet trade flourished along the Siliguri corridor and … India has inaugurated a 9.15km (5.68-mile) bridge over the Lohit River. . Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. The announcement comes as confirmed COVID-19 infections continue to spike across the archipelago. The war of 1965 had cut off several railway links. It is rightly characterized by its unity and diversity. Siliguri Corridor 1- It is also known as Chicken's neck and is a narrow stretch of 22 km. North-East is linked with the Indian heartland through the 21 km wide Siliguri Corridor, commonly known as the chicken neck. Any development in the Chumbi Valley that alters the status quo in Beijing’s favour will have serious implications for India. Mains Link: Discuss why India must not agree to de-escalate the situation at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh without an agreement on returning to “status quo ante” or the situation before the stand-off began. Siliguri corridor. In this session, we will go through all Important Points related to Assam that can be asked in your exams. Nov 24,2020 - The Siliguri Corridor, popularly known as ‘India’s Chicken Neck’ connects which of the following states of India?a)Meghalaya — West Bengalb)Sikkim — West Bengalc)Assam — Meghalayad)Bihar — West BengalCorrect answer is option 'B'. Sources: the Hindu. Comprehensive list of UPSC Exam tutors in Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar with contact details, qualification, experience, reviews and fees. The Siliguri Corridor is a terrifyingly vulnerable artery in India’s geography. So why does it keep tightening restrictions, despite the heavy cost? Gulf states like Bahrain and the UAE are using a Chinese-made COVID-19 vaccine, highlighting a new type of cooperation with China. As if natural disasters were not enough to send the Siliguri to the top of the list of India’s strategic anxieties, the corridor has a complex and troubled political history. As experience has shown the sustained patrolling by the Indian Army, paramilitary forces and the West Bengal police not to mention the protection forces of the Indian Railways, a broad guage and a meter-guage line pass through it-criminal and anti-national activity is rampant. Sikkim is the limited crowded and second littlest among the Indian states. Honest, Unbiased, Truthful Exclusive TV platform for UPSC aspirants that is technology-based, innovative learning method using audio-visual medium. The project corridor is a share of Asian Highway No. It flows through Bihar and West Bengal in India. The Siliguri Corridor connects the rest of India with the Northeast, and Nepal with Bhutan. It is also credited for spread of Buddhism from India to East Asia. The recent standoff between India and China at the Doklam plateau which lies at a tri-junction between the India, China, and Bhutan has gained much attention. Dalai Lama resides in India has also been a sticking point between the two countries. It originates in Paglajhora Falls on Mahaldiram Hill in the Darjeeling district. It is connected to East India via a narrow corridor (Siliguri corridor) squeezed between independent nations of Bhutan and Bangladesh. During World War II,  India-China both played a crucial role for Japan. Indian border guards obstructed “normal activities” on the Chinese side. UPSC Notes. The crisis in Nepal is eerily similar in some ways to Pakistan's schism in 1971. India is concerned that if the road is completed, it will give China access to India’s “chicken’s neck”, or Siliguri Corridor. Chinese territorial claims in western Bhutan are close to the Siliguri Corridor. for Us, the 17th Karmapa of the Black Hat branch of Tibetan Buddhism. He elucidated how the Chumbi valley presented a similar vulnerability to the Chinese like the narrow Siliguri corridor posed to India. • While the Chinese MFA did not specify details of the package solution it has offered, it is likely to be referring to the same deal. Right bank tributaries. 2- It is located in West Bengal and connects India's North-East states to the rest of the country. This river flows through Siliguri Corridor which is the Gate way of North East India. The connectivity of the North Eastern states shall be increased by reviving and building new rail routes through Bangladesh. China’s furious protests against the Dalai Lama’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh. 1 (AH01). For Indians in the North-East, every look at a map is a sobering reminder of just how fragile their physical and economic tether to the rest of the country remains. China's state-run news agency condemned Pranab Mukherjee's visit to Arunachal Pradesh over the weekend. | EduRev UPSC Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 194 UPSC Students. On October 20, 1962, China’s People’s Liberation Army invaded India in Ladakh, and across the McMahon Line in the then North-East Frontier Agency. Jan 28, 2018 - Image result for doklam location chumbi valley and siliguri corridor Therefore peace is … Secessionist movements in North east India have gained significance over the time. SYNOPSIS [22nd DECEMBER,2020] Day 62: IASbaba’s TLP (Phase 2): UPSC Mains Answer Writing (General Studies) Published on Dec. 24, 2020, 10:56 a.m. TLP Mains 2020 North Korea insists there have been no coronavirus cases in the country. The territorial swap with Bhutan would place in China’s hands the key to India’s choke point in the Siliguri. The recent standoff between India and China at the Doklam plateau which lies at a tri-junction between the India, China, and Bhutan has gained much attention. Civil society organizations and members of the European Parliament alike are objecting to the deal amid China's continuing crackdowns in Xinjiang and Hong Kong. The maximum area of the Northeast is surrounded by countries like China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, from which India has a dispute. They entered through the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Some of the training UPSC centres in Siliguri run online course and offline mode classes for IAS preparation. The Siliguri Corridor is a terrifyingly vulnerable artery in India’s geography. While slowly diversifying its basket of economic and diplomatic relationships, Bhutan continues to remain a steadfast Indian ally. D The 26 km long Siliguri corridor that links most of the states in the North from FINANCE MISC at Amity Business School For Prelims and Mains: Features and significance of the project, overview of Sittwe port, Operation Sunrise. Biodiversity depletion • Rampant mining in the Aravalli mountain range has led to disappearance of 31 hills which has serious environmental consequences. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. His subject of expertise are Geography, Polity, Economics and Environment and Ecology. Chicken’s Neck or Siliguri Corridor is a place of panoramic beauty but because of the different types of defense problems that place is out of the reach of tourists. The road would have circumvented Indian posts in Doklam, and provided the Chinese access to Jampheri Ridge and a clear line of sight to the narrow Siliguri Corridor. Certain analysts have also speculated that Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) has attempted to exploit the Siliguri via Nepal-based insurgents. Like most of the borders in South Asia, the Siliguri Corridor – known also as the “Chicken’s Neck”– is a cartographic relic of the British decolonization process. India has for years sought transit access through Bangladesh to ship goods to the landlocked north-eastern States. The region has inadequate infrastructure, is more backward economically as compared to the rest of the country. Click here to subscribe for full access. Neighbouring Indian States of Doklam. China claims Arunachal Pradesh as its own, and refers to it as “southern Tibet”. Can you explain this answer? Some 400 Chinese troops attacked the Indian position. India-China’s cultural and economic relations go back to ancient times. The Corridor is commonly referred to as the “chicken’s neck” as it vitally connects seven states in India’s northeast to the rest of India. It also provides a strategic link to the North-East, thereby reducing pressure on the Siliguri Corridor. Energy security: Hydro-electric power generated by Bhutan’s run-of-the river dams is the economic bedrock of the India-Bhutan relationship. The, was the major trade route . Chicken Neck or Siliguri Corridor It divides mainland India from the North-East India. Nevertheless, in 2003, China granted de facto recognition of Sikkim as a part of India by ceasing to list it as a separate state on its official documents and maps. But India has defended its right to do so. The session was moderated by Lt Gen N S Brar. Siliguri Corridor 1- It is also known as Chicken's neck and is a narrow stretch of 22 km. Today Current Affairs: 22nd July 2020 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, ... as the Doklam swap would have given China access to the strategically sensitive “chicken neck” of the Siliguri corridor. “U.S. Till the start of the war, the Indian side was confident that war would not be started and made little preparations. As the British Empire withdrew and partitioned British India along religious lines to create the modern states of India and Pakistan (which was then divided into East and West Pakistan), it drew the lines that lead to the Siliguri in an attempt to maintain contiguity between Bengal and Assam. Also, The Chinese have invested in border infrastructure much more efficiently than India. Since the 1962 war with China, Indian strategists have envisioned a future scenario where "the Chinese may simply bypass and drop Special Forces to choke vulnerable Siliguri Corridor and cut off the Northeast.” China’s diplomacy with Bhutan gives reason to take this possibility seriously; in 1996, China began a concerted diplomatic effort to yield a border claim with Bhutan in exchange for the Doklam Plateau. Oct 11, 2019 - The Siliguri corridor, a narrow passage to India’s eight north-eastern (NE) states, is a perennial threat to our security. in a face-off at an area close to Sikkim—the tri-junction between India, Bhutan and China. TOP UPSC COACHING IN SIKKIM Sikkim is a region in northeastern India. The situation has somewhat improved since the pre-1971 era, when icy relations with China in the north and East Pakistan meant that the region was a constant source of cross-border tension. India’s fortunes in the Siliguri were slightly ameliorated when the tiny monarchy of Sikkim – situated just north of the Siliguri, between Nepal, China, and Bhutan – merged with India in 1975 to become its second-smallest state. About It  indicates that India  is protecting Bhutan. North-East is linked with the Indian heartland through the 21 km wide Siliguri Corridor, commonly known as the chicken neck. There are many who even fear a war. Today Current Affairs: 22nd July 2020 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, ... as the Doklam swap would have given China access to the strategically sensitive “chicken neck” of the Siliguri corridor. Further reinforcing the strategic precariousness of the region is the fact that a single-line railway is all that carries rail-based freight across the Siliguri. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies on the northern side of the corridor. But it is not just from today that India and China are having strained relationships. The corridor is flanked by Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal. The war of 1965 had cut off several railway links. It has turned into the biggest military stand-off between the two armies in years. SYNOPSIS [2nd NOVEMBER,2020] Day 19: IASbaba’s TLP (Phase 2): UPSC Mains Answer Writing (General Studies) Published on Nov. 4, 2020, 2:21 p.m. TLP Mains 2020. It has turned into the biggest military stand-off between the two armies in years. Objective: To create a multi-modal sea, river and road transport corridor for shipment of cargo from the eastern ports of India to Myanmar through Sittwe port as well as to North-Eastern part of India… Nov 19,2020 - UPSC Paper 1 Mock Test - 24 | 100 Questions MCQ Test has questions of UPSC preparation. Both India-China have rushed more troops to the border region. It originates from the yamunotri glacier Near to Banderpooch peaks in the state of Uttarakhand. iScoopBoyE July 05, … Sittwe is the capital of Rakhine State (which has been in the news for the plight of Rohingya Muslims) in south-western Myanmar. Also, Siliguri corridor is the only passage through which the Indian main land is connected with the North Eastern states. Ongoing China-India stand-off is because of Bhutan. Army (PLA) access to the strategically sensitive “chicken neck” of the Siliguri corridor. wide Siliguri Corridor, which is commonly known as the chicken neck,created by the Radcliffe line. Follow him on Twitter. Objective: To create a multi-modal sea, river and road transport corridor for shipment of cargo from the eastern ports of India to Myanmar through Sittwe port as well as to North-Eastern part of India… Get the latest posts delivered right to your email. Does the Joko Widodo government have nuclear aspirations? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. State has four districts and is further divided into … India is a plural society both in letter and spirit. The Siliguri, at its slimmest point, puts less than a marathon’s distance between the Bangladeshi and Nepalese borders (14 miles). Unlike so many of the problems India faces, the Siliguri Corridor’s vulnerability is a cruel endowment of political geography and essentially one it is stuck with. Sunday, 5 July 2020. This river flows through Siliguri Corridor which is the Gate way of North East India. It is located on the banks of the Mahananda River at the foothills of the Himalayas. Sino Soviet Conflict And War Of 1969 UPSC Notes. A grand synthesis of cultures, religions and languages of the people belonging to different castes and communities has upheld its unity and cohesiveness despite multiple foreign invasions. It … Sikkim is a state in northeastern India and is surrounded by Tibet in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. Chinese lighted a bush which caused a lot of confusion among the Indians. The future of U.S.-ROK relations depends on the United States understanding the priorities of South Korea’s now-dominant liberals. 2- It is located in West Bengal and connects India's North-East states to the rest of the country. A corridor connects West Bengal and the rest of India to the North East,  It is also the hub of railway network . Also, Siliguri corridor is the only passage through which the Indian main land is connected with the North Eastern states. India-China have always been at off ends with each other over the. Indian military protested and stopped the road-building group. So, The region saw clashes between India-China in 1967.The latest development appears to be one of the most serious escalations in recent years. On July 10, 1962, around 350 Chinese troops surrounded an Indian post at Chushul  in Jammu and Kashmir. Relations between India-China, may not slide further as China has allowed 56 Hindu pilgrims. Singapore’s hawker culture has been recognized by UNESCO, but there are questions about its sustainability. Therefore, it is essential to revive these links. It merges with Ganges at prayagraj ,which is a site of Kumbh Mela , … The war achieved China’s objectives of securing borders . Indian military protested and stopped the road-building group. India has inaugurated a 9.15km (5.68-mile) bridge over the Lohit River. For China, border line is the bottom line. Kaladan multi-model transit transport project India entered into a framework agreement with Myanmar in April 2008 to facilitate implementation of the project. This piece … The emergence of a much more contagious variant of COVID-19 comes as Australia rolls out vaccines. Bhutan is strategically important for both India and China. During World War II,  India-China both played a crucial role for Japan. Neighbouring Indian States of Doklam. In acknowledgement of its importance to India’s national security, the state maintains a heavy patrol presence in the Siliguri region. Bhutan asking India to take the responsibility to patrolling on the border. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. It leads the way to accomplish nations Act East Policy and acts as India’s Gateway to the East.Therefore, it will encourage and improve trade association with South East Asia. Here is a more important point. Kaladan multi-model transit transport project India entered into a framework agreement with Myanmar in April 2008 to facilitate implementation of the project. 52 talking about this. The harsh topography of the region makes the railway and roads subject to damage from frequent landslides and natural disaster; India’s North-East is known for its record-breaking levels of rainfall. Thus, North East including Siliguri is a very strategic region for India. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests In News: India and Bhutan are looking to strengthen further old and time-tested ties between … Career Options after 12th Medical: High Salary Career Options other Than MBBS. UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021 Important topics: China’s Debt-trap diplomacy, China announced that it is providing a $90 million grant to Sri Lanka. Specifically on the Sikkim-Bhutan stretch. a 20 km (12-mile) wide corridor that links the seven north-eastern states to the India. India is connected to the northeast by the Siliguri corridor, a very narrow area. First recognized in 1947, the Siliguri Corridor is located in a region between India, Bangladesh and Nepal. LAC vs LOC. The creation of East Pakistan (which became Bangladesh in 1971) along religious lines necessitated the awkward choke point in India’s contemporary geography. The border management continues to suffer from serious deficiencies. Kaladan Project What to study? On the bright side, the current level of strategic vulnerability is far lower than it was in the past and can be further moderated with the establishment of a free-trade agreement between the states bordering the Siliguri. It is connected to East India via a narrow corridor (Siliguri corridor) squeezed between independent nations of Bhutan and Bangladesh. Hence, we cannot really comment on what can happen in future.We can just wait and watch. Sources: the Hindu. In the early 2000s, China refused to acknowledge Sikkim as part of India, maintaining that it was an independent state. This test is Rated positive by 87% students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is related to UPSC syllabus, prepared by UPSC teachers. Introduction: Northeast India is the eastern-most region of India. India-China’s cultural and economic relations go back to ancient times. The farmers' protests outside New Delhi have cast a spotlight on a traditionally overlooked group: the women who keep India's farms running. troops from both sides engage in numerous incursions and face-offs every year. © 2021 Diplomat Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. It is an old news that India-China are currently engaged in a face-off at an area close to Sikkim—the tri-junction between India, Bhutan and China. Growth vs. China also repeated its claim on Bhutan’s eastern boundary at Sakteng. It is linked with Indian heartland through the 21 km. The decision to do so was sparked by a controversy around the 17th Karmapa of the Black Hat branch of Tibetan Buddhism. Beijing objected to India’s decision to allow leader Dalai Lama to visit the state. But India has defended its right to do so. Labels: UPSC Notes. The Tin (or Teen) Bigha Corridor (Bengali: তিনবিঘা করিডর) is a strip of land belonging to India on the West Bengal–Bangladesh border which, in September 2011, was leased to Bangladesh so the country could access its Dahagram–Angarpota enclave from the mainland. For emerging markets, foreign capital inflows can spur growth – but they are also a potential source of volatility. By the very nature of its geography the Siliguri Corridor is indefensible with static obstacles and firepower. Lt Gen KJ Singh, who commanded the Corps at Sikkim, which was the place of action in 1967, spoke of the nuances around these battles and the area. ... UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021: Tips to Study Science & … It is linked with Indian heartland through the 21 km. A South Korean court's recent ruling is likely to further complicate bilateral relations between the two U.S. allies. Threat to its rule of Tibet became one of the most prominent reasons for the. It was done for preventing the defenders from making contact with their headquarters. China’s growing opium trade with the British Raj was the reason. A quirk of South Asian political geography has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the North-Eastern states: the Siliguri Corridor. In the absence of an alternate route, the development of this project not only serves the economic, commercial and strategic interests of India, but also contributes to the development of Myanmar, and its economic integration with India. Ankit Panda is the Stanton Senior Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Current Affairs ... Indian Army regards the Doklam plain as strategically crucial because it opens a path to the Siliguri Corridor which links the … China claims Arunachal Pradesh as its own, and refers to it as “southern Tibet”. Sikkim is likewise near India’s Siliguri Corridor close to Bangladesh. Siliguri corridor. wide stretch of Indian territory called chicken neck or Siliguri Corridor. The only stretch of the Himalayan frontier where Indian troops have a terrain and tactical advantage. With a degree in Mechanical Engineering and double masters in Public Administration and Economics, he has experience of teaching UPSC aspirants for 5 years. The editor of a ditched anthology of essays on Thai politics has called for an academic boycott on the National University of Singapore Press. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. By iScoopBoyE at July 16, 2020 No comments: Email This BlogThis! In this session, we will go through all Important Points related to Assam that can be asked in your exams. Environment 2. Akshay Palande is a passionate teacher helping hundreds of students in their UPSC preparation. With its first homegrown vaccine approved for general use, China aims to vaccinate 50 million people by the Lunar New Year in February. The Chinese also cut Indian telephone lines. It joins with Ganges in Bangladesh. Contact Best IAS academy in Siliguri for complete detail of teaching, study material, online coaching, fees structure, and mock test series for preliminary and mains. The border in Sikkim had been settled in an 1890 agreement. Assam is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Chumbi Valley is also of equal strategic significance to China because of the valley’s shared border with Tibet and Sikkim. Siliguri Corridor which is 60 km long and 22 km wide in our Incredible India is known as the Chicken’s Neck which connects the Beijing objected to India’s decision to allow leader Dalai Lama to visit the state. So, Bhutan,meanwhile, has asked China to stop building the road. The Silk Road was the major trade route . China’s growing opium trade with the British Raj was the reason. A presidential election in Kyrgyzstan and a parliamentary election in Kazakhstan kick off 2021 in Central Asia. China also repeated its claim on Bhutan’s eastern boundary at Sakteng. power can inadvertently shift politics even in regions like Central Asia where the United States is remote.”. This is the first time that China has clearly articulated.Through one of its primary official channels – that there is no room for parleys to resolve. We are seeing escalations at the Line of Control with both the sides engaging in cross border firing. Topics Covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. The North-East is geographically isolated from the rest of the country as it is connected with the rest of the country by a narrow corridor i.e the Siliguri corridor (Chicken’s neck). India-Bhutan New Vistas Archives TOPIC: General Studies 2 India and its neighbourhood- relations. It is an old news that India-China are currently engaged. iScoopBoyE July 16, 2020 0 Read More. With an increasingly aggressive China, some argue it is time to institutionalize the security framework. Sikkim is also close to India’s Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh. India finally has an investor-friendly image after almost a decade and should strive to maintain that. The connectivity of the North Eastern states shall be increased by reviving and building new rail routes through Bangladesh. A 2019 court judgement against an Assamese militant note presents new evidence. All land trade between North-East India’s 40 million denizens and the rest of the country traverses the Siliguri owing to the lack of a free-trade agreement between India and Bangladesh. The North-eastern states are separated from its mainland by a 20 km. Chinese territorial claims in western Bhutan are close to the Siliguri Corridor. Enjoying this article? There are many who even fear a war. UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021 Important topics: China’s Debt-trap diplomacy, China announced that it is providing a $90 million grant to Sri Lanka. In any discussion of the governance problems or border issues in India’s North-East, a commonly mentioned word is “isolation.” The North-Eastern states are politically and geographically distant from New Delhi, and certain parts of the region share more in common culturally with Burma than they do with Punjab, or even West Bengal.

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